Spain

The Minister of Labor Yolanda Diaz and former MEP Manu Pineda attend the EU campaign of the Sumar coalition, May 23, 2024, Madrid.
IMAGO/ZUMA Press Wire
The election results in the Spanish State give a narrow victory to the Popular Party, which beat the Socialist Party by two seats. The clear victory is for the political tradition of two main parties, which garnered 64.37% of the votes overall. The ultra-right-wing VOX won 9.62%, comparable to its Portuguese counterpart, CHEGA, which obtained 9.79%  but still a far cry from Germany’s 15.60% for Alternative für Deutschland, Italy’s 28.59% for Fratelli d'Italia and France’s 31.36% for Rassemblement National.
read more "Yolanda Díaz steps down from leadership of Sumar and Izquierda Unida fails to enter the European Parliament"
European Election 2024: Assembly of the Spanish left-wing political party Sumar Estrella Galan, Sumar candidate for the European elections, seen speaking during
IMAGO/Alberto Gardin
In the Spanish State, all indicators seem to point in the same direction: we are coming to the end of a cycle, in which what has been called the “Space for Change” is in retreat and even disappearing in many regions. Significant internal disagreements within the Left, right-wing and far-right parties committed to propagating fake news and stoking tensions, and a social democracy that has been neglected for years have all come together to create a society divided by media and discursive polarization, and the disaffection of the majority of citizens.
read more "Low Expectations for Spain’s Divided Left"
Abascal with Carlson at the anti-government demonstrations at the PSOE headquarters in Ferraz.
Abascal with Carlson at the anti-government demonstrations at the PSOE headquarters in Ferraz.V0X / CC

The international alliances of the Spanish far right

Nora Rodríguez, Miquel Ramos
Spain’s far right has lagged behind its counterparts in other European countries in gaining a foothold in Spanish political institutions. After the death of the dictator Francisco Franco, far-right platforms experienced failure after failure, and only starting in 2011 did they begin to gain representation in small town councils. Academics like Xavier Casals described this anomaly as an 'absent presence', meaning that the extreme right existed with a subset of voters just like in the other countries, but these were mostly encompassed within ...
read more "The international alliances of the Spanish far right"
Protest by the extreme right in front of the PSOE headquarters in Madrid 8th November 2023.
Protest by the extreme right in front of the PSOE headquarters in Madrid 8th November 2023.Dani Gago Lizenz CC
The amnesty for politicians and activists prosecuted for the independence referendum held in Catalonia on 1 October 2017 mobilizes far-right groups around the slogan "Spain is breaking up". Nazi, fascist and ultra-Catholic groups rally against Spain's new government. Spain's right-wing has promised a legislature fraught with action against the government.   In October 2023, the Spanish extreme right saw its biggest popular mobilizations for years, coinciding with the pacts between social democrats and ...
read more "The Spanish far right mobilizes against the new progressive coalition government"
A supporter of the far-right party, VOX, celebrates among supporters of the Popular Party on July 23, 2023 in Madrid.
A supporter of the far-right party, VOX, celebrates among supporters of the Popular Party on July 23, 2023 in Madrid.MAGO / ZUMA Wire

Vox’s Public Policy

Nora Rodríguez, Miquel Ramos
Spain's Extreme Right first months in regional and municipal governmentsAfter the extreme right-wing party Vox entered the regional government of Castilla y León alongside the conservative Partido Popular (PP) in April 2022, the party gained more representation in the local and regional elections of 28 May 2023, allowing the PP-VOX coalition to be replicated in other autonomous communities previously run by progressive coalition governments. This has been the case in Extremadura, Aragon, Valencia and the Balearic Islands. Vox also entered the government of Murcia, ...
read more "Vox’s Public Policy"
SPOE supporters celebrate at party headquarters in Madrid on election night, 23 July 2023.
SPOE supporters celebrate at party headquarters in Madrid on election night, 23 July 2023.IMAGO / ZUMA Wire
The Left recently caused quite a surprise in Spain. On 23 July 2023, early elections were held to elect a new parliament (congress of deputies and senate) and while the polls predicted a clear victory for the right and the far right, the social-democratic left and the radical left managed to beat the forecasts. The left- and right-wing blocs were very close in terms of voting percentages and it is not yet clear if a government will be successfully formed or whether new elections will have to be called. On 22 August, King Felipe VI asked the ...
read more "What Can the Left Learn from the Spanish Elections?"
The struggle for women's rights has always generated reactionary waves from all those who refuse to question their privileges, relinquish power and unsettle the patriarchal structures on which capitalism is based. The far right, intent on reversing social policies and agreements on human rights as well as halting any progress being made, has put into action a whole raft of strategies being implemented across the globe. In Spain, opposition to feminism used to be rooted mainly in a religious and ...
read more "The Spanish far-right’s strategies to oppose women’s rights and social advances"
An analysis of the Spanish government’s response to the cost-of-living crisis Just as the worst of the COVID-19 pandemic finally seemed to be behind us, the war in Ukraine that began in February 2022 sent the world economy into another tailspin. With Russian gas now tainted by Putin’s invasion, Europe acted quickly to abandon what had until then been its most important source of cheap fuel — with skyrocketing prices as the result. Since then, European consumers have found themselves paying energy bills that are two, three, or even four times higher than ...
read more "Capping Prices, Taxing Profits"
Yolanda Díaz’s new coalition seeks to unite a broad front for transformational change Abstract On 8 July 2022, Yolanda Díaz, Second Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of Spain and Minister of Labour, announced the launch of a new political project, an electoral platform known as Sumar (Spanish for “to add”), with a clear message: Sumar is neither a political party nor a coalition; it is a “citizen movement” whose goals are to “expand democracy” and “build a country for the coming decade”. The project was ...
read more "Building a Strong Democratic Left in the Spanish State"
Lessons for collective action from the fight for the right to housingHow should we welcome people at assemblies? How should an assembly-based, decentralized movement be organized? How can we carry out non-violent direct action? How should we negotiate with others? How can we change narratives and perceptions? How can we harness the power of the streets? Many move­ments answer these questions over time through trial and error, but PAH aims to contribute to the debate by reflecting on its own experiences and presenting them in this manual. We take a step back and analyze the ...
read more "LA PAH: A Handbook"